Where the Woodpeckers Are
There are at least 16 types of woodpeckers in North America and that does not include the 4 types of sapsuckers and the Red-shafted Flicker orYellow-shafted Flicker, known as the Northern Flickers and the Gilded Flicker.
Woodpeckers common to Canada and the United States
The Black-backed Woodpecker and the Three-toed Woodpecker are two of the most northern birds found most often in the northern conifers of Canada and in the American Rockies. The Downy Woodpecker and Hairy Woodpecker can be found throughout all of Canada and USA, with the Hairy Woodpecker being the most southern traveler of the two. The largest member of the woodpecker family is the Pileated Woodpecker and it is found across Canada and the eastern states. Two woodpeckers that are showing up in the southeastern portions of Canada although it lives in the eastern states, are the Red-headed Woodpecker and the Red-bellied Woodpecker. The threatened Red-cockaded Woodpecker lives in the southeastern states but mostly in Florida.
Woodpeckers common to the United States and Mexico
The remaining 7 types of woodpeckers live in the central states into the western regions of the United States and Mexico.
These are the Acorn Woodpecker, Arizona Woodpecker, Gila Woodpecker, Golden-fronted Woodpecker, Ladder-backed Woodpecker, Lewis's Woodpecker and the Nuttall's Woodpecker.